The main focus of research on Helgoland is bird migration. Bird ringing has always played an important role, and a catching garden, which is still in use today, was laid out in 1911. In 1920 the on Helgoland invented "Helgoland trap" was added. While seabird ecology was a second major research focus of the Island station between the second world war and the year 2000, current research mainly focuses on the catching garden and various projects regarding stop-over ecology and migratory behaviour.
More details regarding these projects can be found on the sites of the Research Groups.